They aim to pack public squares like sardines in a can, in protest against the far-right, anti-immigrant wave rising in Italian society and politics.
The far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party won big in this month's Brandenburg and Saxony state elections. A recent poll shows the AfD more popular than ever throughout Germany.
Since 2016, the hard-right, anti-immigrant League party has won elections in many towns in Tuscany, a major shift in a region known as the birthplace of the Italian Communist Party.
Walter Lübcke, who supported Angela Merkel's open-door refugee policy, was shot in the head in June. Political leaders and experts on extremism suggest Germany's far-right party may share some blame.
The country had been a holdout from a trend already sweeping other parts of Europe and beyond. Now the right-wing Vox party shares power in Spain's largest region.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has befriended nationalist and far-right leaders who tend to be staunchly pro-Israel. But some Israelis say he's too lenient about their views on Holocaust history.
A far-right movement is providing aid to Syrian refugees in Lebanon, but not for purely humanitarian reasons. The few refugees who received help didn't know the group aims to keep them out of Germany.