The Ethiopian federal government and Tigray rebels signed a peace deal. But one major player in the conflict, Eritrea, wasn't involved in the talks.
A newly formed rebel alliance led by the Tigray People's Liberation Front is within striking distance of Addis Ababa. A failed state could displace millions of people and stoke more ethnic violence.
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Ethiopia has stunned the world with its reforms. Eritreans face steep challenges if they want to follow suit.
In July, the countries declared the war was over; a couple of months later, they opened their border for the first time in almost 20 years. Some analysts caution big changes are coming too quickly.
The move by Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki is the latest sign of easing tensions between countries which were once bitter neighbors.
After two decades of deadly conflict, the neighboring countries are rapidly reconciling. Demand was huge for the historic commercial flight, which was marked with champagne and roses.
As Ethiopia and Eritrea declared peace, long-dead phone lines came alive. People spoke with relatives and strangers. "We will be family," an Eritrean told an Ethiopian who randomly dialed him.
As the Ethiopian prime minister walked off the plane in Eritrea, he smiled and gave a big hug to Eritrea's authoritarian ruler. It's a sign of a rapid thaw in the tensions between the two countries.
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