The three physicians "found the molecular switch that regulates how our cells adapt when oxygen levels drop," a member of the Nobel Committee said.
Nobel Prize in medicine
James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo were cited for their work in harnessing the immune system to arrest the development of cancer.
The scientists honored with a Nobel Prize in medicine helped discover that every cell in the body has its own clock. When we ignore those clocks, we increase the risk of weight gain and diabetes.
Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young share the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for their discoveries about how internal clocks govern human biology.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine goes to a Japanese scientist who explained that cells have their own versions of recycling plants, how they work, and the role of this process in diseases.
NPR reporter Jason Beaubien talks about his trip to Ghana to report on river blindness — and how a farmer who lost his vision is still able to weed his garden.
In the 1960s, Chairman Mao Zedong ordered scientists to find a malaria antidote to help ailing soldiers in North Vietnam. Today's Nobel Prize for medicine went to one of those researchers.
The medicines they helped develop are credited with improving the lives of millions. Among the three winners: William C. Campbell of Drew University, for his work on the roundworm parasite.
The scientists, one working in Britain and a husband-and-wife team from Norway, will share the award for work that began in the 1970s and spanned decades.