Updated August 24, 2023 at 9:06 PM ET


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ATLANTA — Donald Trump has become the first former U.S. president with a mug shot.

Trump, who faces 13 felony counts in Georgia related to efforts to overturn the state's 2020 election result, was booked Thursday at the Fulton County Jail in Atlanta.

Trump's appearance in Georgia came a day after the first Republican primary debate, which he skipped. Trump is currently the party's front-runner for the 2024 presidential nomination. And he's blasted Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis for bringing the charges against him.

Trump's booking process was brief. It took about 20 minutes for his motorcade to enter the facility until when it left.

The 18 other defendants in Willis' wide-reaching criminal case have until Friday at noon to turn themselves in for booking.

Most have already surrendered, including Trump's former lawyers John Eastman, Rudy Giuliani and Sidney Powell. Former White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows turned himself in earlier Thursday.

"It doesn't matter your status," Fulton County Sheriff Pat Labat recently told reporters. "We will have a mug shot ready for you."

In Fulton County, a booking appearance is separate from an arraignment, where a defendant issues a plea on their charges.

For most of the case's 19 defendants, bond terms will have been negotiated in advance so they don't have to spend long in jail awaiting a hearing, says Bob Rubin, a criminal defense attorney in Decatur, Georgia. A few defendants have surrendered in the middle of the night to avoid long processing times.

On Monday, a judge signed off on an agreement between prosecutors and Trump's lawyers to set bond at $200,000. Bond has ranged between $10,000 and $200,000, depending on the defendant's charges.

Rubin says bond conditions consider factors like a defendant's flight risk, danger to the community and likelihood of intimidating witnesses or committing another felony.

Trump's bond agreement requires that he refrain from intimidating co-defendants or witnesses, including through social media. And he is not allowed to communicate with any co-defendants about the facts of the case, except through his lawyer.

"Despite saying they're going to treat them the same as everybody else, they're going to make sure no one's going to get hurt in this jail," Rubin says. "It would look really bad, so I'm sure the sheriff's office is going to make every effort to segregate them from other inmates who may be dangerous."


The Fulton jail is being investigated


The Fulton County Jail, also known as the Rice Street Jail, is currently under investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice for potential civil rights violations.

Seven people have died in custody there since the start of this year.

Labat, the Fulton County sheriff, has pledged to cooperate with the federal investigation and says it reinforces his calls for a new jail.

"I have publicly, privately and repeatedly raised concerns about the dangerous overcrowding, dilapidated infrastructure and critical staffing shortages of the jail," he said in July.

This month, the county reached a settlement with the family of Lashawn Thompson, who died in the jail's psychiatric wing last year and was found covered in bedbugs. An independent autopsy commissioned by the family found he died from neglect.

"It is Third World in many parts of the Fulton County Jail," says Rubin, who has two clients who have been detained in the jail for more than two years awaiting trial.

"They have no opportunities to go outside. There's no sunlight. There's no yard," Rubin says. "The jail is cold. The jail is smelly, as you can imagine. There's water issues. There's space issues. There's dangerous people in the jail. It's a pretty horrific place, such that sometimes I have nightmares."

Eighty-seven percent of the jail population is Black and the vast majority have not been convicted, according to the Justice Department. Most are waiting for bail hearings or competency evaluations or are denied release awaiting trial because they cannot post bail.


What's next in the Trump criminal case


Willis, the district attorney, wants arraignments to take place the week of Sept. 5 in the criminal case against Trump and 18 others. And she had asked a judge to schedule a March 4, 2024, trial date, but on Thursday, after a request for a speedy trial by one defendant, Willis' office asked for the trial to begin on Oct. 23.

Even her proposed March 4 timeline was viewed skeptically by experts.

"I just think, practically speaking, that's not going to happen," says Jeffrey Brickman, a criminal defense attorney in Atlanta.

Fulton Superior Court Judge Scott McAfee has been assigned the case and will set the final calendar.

McAfee, who was appointed by Republican Gov. Brian Kemp and has been on the bench since February, will have to juggle scheduling around 19 defendants and their lawyers, as well as proceedings in the three other criminal cases Trump is facing.

McAfee also has to find time on his own calendar, and Brickman says Fulton County already has a sizable case backlog.

"This is not a discussion about people trying to play the system and delay just for the purposes of delay," Brickman says. "It simply takes a long time, and I just think that [Willis' timeline] is wishful thinking."

Other factors may slow down the case, like protracted jury selection and efforts by Trump and others to move the case out of Fulton Superior Court and into federal court.

"This case has gotten so much attention that it's going to take a long, long time to impanel a jury," Brickman says. "Nineteen lawyers who get to ask questions of one juror. So that could take months."


Some defendants want to move to federal court


Several defendants, including Meadows and U.S. Justice Department official Jeffrey Clark, already filed a motion to remove his case to federal court. Trump is expected to do the same.

That's because a provision in federal law allows federal officers to remove some criminal prosecutions brought by states to the federal court system.

Jonathan Nash, a law professor at Emory University, says this mechanism dates to the early 19th century, when resentment against the federal government over taxation and the War of 1812 led to an onslaught of lawsuits and prosecutions against federal officials carrying out their duties.

"The concern was that if states are allowed to bring [these] criminal prosecutions, that it can really just interfere with federal officials' being able to do their jobs," he said.

Nash says precedent has established three basic requirements for removal to federal court: The defendant must have been a federal officer; be facing prosecution for conduct under the "color of office"; and have a legal defense that relies on federal law in some fashion.

"It certainly has some merit, I'll put it that way," Nash says of Meadows' motion to remove the case. "I don't see it as any kind of frivolous filing. He makes arguments that make some sense."

If these motions are successful, the Fulton County district attorney's office would still prosecute the case and state laws would still be at issue, but a federal judge would preside.

That may end up being U.S. District Judge Steve Jones, who has set an Aug. 28 hearing on Meadows' motion.

The jury would come not just from Fulton County, but the 10-county Atlanta Division of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, which encompasses some exurban counties that lean more Republican than Fulton County.

Any convictions would not be subject to presidential pardon — only the review of Georgia's independent review board, which can consider pardons five years after the completion of a sentence.

Copyright 2023 90.1 WABE. To see more, visit 90.1 WABE.



Donald Trump drops by the Fulton County Jail in Georgia today.


Yeah, and you can expect a few cameras - or more than a few - to capture whatever they can as Trump is booked on 13 felony counts. The former president who tried to overturn his 2020 election defeat has denied wrongdoing in his signature repetitive style.


DONALD TRUMP: They don't even have a case against me. It's not even a case. Everyone says - even the Democrats say you can't bring these cases. You have no case.

FADEL: There's Trump on X, formerly Twitter. The former president is accused of conspiring with 18 co-defendants to subvert the vote in Georgia, where he lost in 2020.

INSKEEP: And just a note, many Democrats say you can bring this case in spite of what the former president said there. Sam Gringlas of member station WABE has been covering this case for us. Sam, good morning.

SAM GRINGLAS, BYLINE: Hey there, Steve.

INSKEEP: So how does it go when Trump arrives at jail?

GRINGLAS: OK, obviously, there is no precedent for a former president being booked in a county jail, but we think we'll see a motorcade shepherd Trump to the jail gate. But beyond that, reporters are not allowed inside. Though, later, we do expect to see Trump's mugshot like we have so far with some of Trump's 18 co-defendants - lawyers Rudy Giuliani, Sidney Powell. Trump has been indicted four times now, but this mugshot will be his first.

INSKEEP: I get the impression that the Fulton County Jail is almost a character in this story.

GRINGLAS: Yeah, conditions at the jail are under investigation right now by the U.S. Department of Justice. Defense attorney Bob Rubin told me he has two clients in the facility, and both have been awaiting trial for more than two years.

BOB RUBIN: They have no opportunities to go outside. There's no sunlight. The jail is smelly, as you can imagine. There's dangerous people in the jail. It's a pretty horrific place, such that I sometimes have nightmares.

GRINGLAS: Of course, Trump will just be processed today, so he won't actually be in there that long.

INSKEEP: Although, some other things may last long. I'm thinking of the fact that this focuses on events from 2020 and 2021, years ago. And the trial itself is not in sight. District Attorney Fani Willis wants to start the trial in about six months, which would be well before the 2024 election. Can she?

GRINGLAS: Well, every defense attorney that I have talked to has given me a flat-out no. Here's lawyer Jeffrey Brickman.

JEFFREY BRICKMAN: This is not a discussion about people trying to play the system. It simply takes a long time. And I just think that that is wishful thinking.

GRINGLAS: This judge will have to juggle up to 19 defendants plus proceedings in the other court cases Trump's facing. Jury selection could take a long time, too. And then some defendants are trying to move the case from state to federal court.


GRINGLAS: Well, federal law allows some federal officials charged for conduct under the color of office to remove their cases to federal court. Former White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows attempted it first. Trump is expected to do the same. And Emory law professor Jonathan Nash says they might actually prevail.

JONATHAN NASH: It certainly has some merit, I'll put it that way. I don't see it as any kind of frivolous filing.

GRINGLAS: Now, Fulton prosecutors would still argue the case but in front of a federal judge. The jury would come from a federal court division stretching well beyond Atlanta. But state charges would still be at play, which are not subject to presidential pardon.

INSKEEP: Interesting. WABE's Sam Gringlas in Atlanta. Thanks so much, really appreciate it.

GRINGLAS: Thanks, Steve. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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