AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:
Police departments around the country are under pressure to diversify. In Oakland, Calif., the thinking is that police and community relations could also improve by increasing the number of cops who actually live in the city. From member station KQED, Tara Siler reports.
TARA SILER, BYLINE: Margaret Dixon is a fiery retired Oakland police officer who grew up in a rough part of this city of 400,000. These days, you can find her teaching community college classes - one of them, on policing and community relations.
MARGARET DIXON: In order to grow your own, we got to recruit. Am I correct? Where do we recruit from?
UNIDENTIFIED STUDENT: The community.
DIXON: The community.
SILER: After 25 years on Oakland's police force, Dixon uses her classes as a kind of recruiting ground to get more young people like Manuel Rodriguez to follow in her footsteps.
DIXON: When did you first know that you wanted to be an Oakland police officer?
MANUEL RODRIGUEZ: Even though people will say bad things about Oakland, like, Oakland made me - that made me into a better person.
DIXON: Good. And I always say this to my Latino brethren - sisters and brothers - that we need you. We need you so desperately.
SILER: The department is looking for more Latinos, but it's really looking to recruit more African-Americans. Black officers make up less than 19 percent of the force but are 28 percent of the population. Dixon says boosting the number of local recruits in Oakland would mean more officers in sync with the city. Right now only 7 percent of Oakland's cops live in the community.
DIXON: They understand the needs, and they're policing people that they already know.
SILER: But it's not easy becoming a cop. Oakland's department typically gets about 1,000 applications. Only 5 percent make it into the academy. Some face educational challenges, credit problems, even rap sheets. Dixon sees it as her job to get the best candidates over these hurdles.
DIXON: The students who are serious about going into police work - we're going to get them and hold onto them.
SILER: In this class, only a handful of students want to be one of Oakland's 700-plus cops, and none of them is African-American. Like in so many cities, Dixon says, there's little trust of the police. There's a long history of aggressive policing in this city's black community, and for the last 12 years, this police department has been under federal court supervision. That history does seem to color the views of students like Tiara Allen.
TIARA ALLEN: I kind of lightweight trust a cop, but I don't trust the system itself.
SILER: And cops are too quick to use deadly force and should use more discretion, says student Dario Harper.
DARIO HARPER: And I just think officers should be held to a higher standard than us.
SILER: Dixon tells Harper that police don't always have the luxury of discretion.
DIXON: You don't have but a - uh - that much time to make a decision. You can't train an officer to second-guess stuff.
SILER: But some in this class aren't buying it. Until now, Jovantae Carleton, a lanky 19-year-old basketball player, has been sitting quietly in the back of the class.
JOVANTAE CARLETON: So I feel like the excuse that you made - we don't know what this person has - every officer is using that excuse constantly, and they're getting away with it so...
SILER: Across the classroom, Salome Rodriguez Marin, who does want to be an Oakland cop, says she's seen firsthand how the department's culture is starting to change.
SALOME RODRIGUEZ MARIN: So I think it's also our responsibility as a community to become educated so that we don't just go around saying, oh, I don't trust the police, and I don't trust what we're doing. We're not doing anything. They are.
SILER: And change will come faster, says Dixon, if more Oaklanders step up and apply.
DIXON: Don't tell me that you don't like who came to your door. That's all we had. Don't tell me that the officer was insensitive because he didn't understand - because you live where you live. I'm sorry, this is what we have. You be the change.
SILER: Of the 35 cadets who graduated from Oakland's last academy, 10 came from the community, and, Dixon notes, four of them came through her program. For NPR News, I'm Tara Siler. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.