A Rarity Reclaimed: Stolen Stradivarius Recovered After 35 Years

A Rarity Reclaimed: Stolen Stradivarius Recovered After 35 Years

5:51pm Aug 06, 2015
The Totenberg family (from left): Amy, Nina, Melanie, Roman and Jill
The Totenberg family (from left): Amy, Nina, Melanie, Roman and Jill
Courtesy of the Totenberg family
  • The Totenberg family (from left): Amy, Nina, Melanie, Roman and Jill

    The Totenberg family (from left): Amy, Nina, Melanie, Roman and Jill

    Courtesy of the Totenberg family

  • Roman Totenberg with the Stradivarius in the 1950s.

    Roman Totenberg with the Stradivarius in the 1950s.

    Courtesy of the Totenberg family

  • The Totenberg sisters — Amy (from left), Nina and Jill --€” see their father's stolen Stradivarius for the first time in 35 years at the U.S. attorney's office in New York City on Thursday.

    The Totenberg sisters — Amy (from left), Nina and Jill --€” see their father's stolen Stradivarius for the first time in 35 years at the U.S. attorney's office in New York City on Thursday.

    Lydia Thompson / NPR

  • Documentation of Roman Totenberg's Stradivarius violin. The instrument went missing after one of Roman's concerts but was rediscovered more than three decades later.

    Documentation of Roman Totenberg's Stradivarius violin. The instrument went missing after one of Roman's concerts but was rediscovered more than three decades later.

    Courtesy of the Totenberg family

  • (Left) Totenberg practices with his daughter Amy. (Right) Conducting a student orchestra. Totenberg had a long career teaching at places such as Boston University and the Tanglewood Music Center, and he was director of the Longy School of Music.

    (Left) Totenberg practices with his daughter Amy. (Right) Conducting a student orchestra. Totenberg had a long career teaching at places such as Boston University and the Tanglewood Music Center, and he was director of the Longy School of Music.

    Courtesy of the Totenberg family via NPR

  • (Left) Documentation of the Ames Stradivarius. (Right) An image of the Stradivarius when the FBI collected it last month.

    (Left) Documentation of the Ames Stradivarius. (Right) An image of the Stradivarius when the FBI collected it last month.

    Courtesy of the Totenberg family/Courtesy of FBI New York

  • Totenberg holds his Stradivarius before a rehearsal in Aspen, Colo., in the late 1950s. Izler Solomon (right) conducts the orchestra.

    Totenberg holds his Stradivarius before a rehearsal in Aspen, Colo., in the late 1950s. Izler Solomon (right) conducts the orchestra.

    Courtesy of the Totenberg family via NPR

The denouement of a 35-year drama takes place Thursday at the U.S. attorney's office in Manhattan. And I trust that my father, virtuoso violinist Roman Totenberg, who died three years ago, will be watching from somewhere.

For decades he played his beloved Stradivarius violin all over the world. And then one day, he turned around and it was gone. Stolen.

While he was greeting well-wishers after a concert, it was snatched from his office at the Longy School of Music in Cambridge, Mass.

It was a crushing loss for my father. As he put it, he had lost his "musical partner of 38 years." And when he would ultimately buy a Guarneri violin from the same period as the Stradivarius, he'd have to rework the fingering of his entire repertoire for the new instrument.

My father would dream of opening his violin case and seeing the Strad there again, but he never laid eyes on it again. He died in 2012, but the Stradivarius lived on — somewhere.

Then, on the last day in June, I got a call from FBI Special Agent Christopher McKeogh.

"We believe that the FBI has recovered your father's stolen violin," he said.

As the reality of his message washed over me, I had a hard time actually believing it. I called my sisters right away, and we were soon laughing and crying on the phone.

I would love to tell you some bizarre story of the violin's travels through the underworld, but the true story is much more mundane, even pathetic.

My father had always suspected who had stolen the violin — a young aspiring violinist named Phillip Johnson, who was largely unknown to my father but had been seen outside my dad's office around the time the violin was stolen. Soon thereafter, Johnson's ex-girlfriend went to my parents and told them she was quite sure Johnson had taken it. Law enforcement officials believed, however, that was not enough for a search warrant. My mother was so frustrated that she famously would ask friends if they knew anyone in the mob willing to break into an apartment and search for the violin.

Phillip Johnson eventually moved to California, had an undistinguished musical career and died of cancer at age 58, a year before my father died at the age of 101.

Fast-forward four more years. Johnson's ex-wife and her boyfriend were cleaning house, and they came across a violin case that her former husband had left to her, with a combination lock on it. They broke the lock and opened the case to find a violin with a label inside that said it was made in 1734 by the most famous violin-maker of all time — Antonio Stradivari.

A musician friend put her in touch with violin-maker and appraiser Phillip Injeian in Pittsburgh.

"Of course I hear almost every day people telling me that they found a Stradivarius in the attic," Injeian says.

That's because, while there are only about 550 Stradivarius violins in existence today, there are thousands and thousands of violins that have a "Stradivarius" label stamped inside them — some of them good copies, and some just cheap imitations. So Injeian suggested the ex-wife send him photographs rather than waste a trip to the East Coast.

The photos she sent looked "so remarkably good," he says, that he went to the Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari, the compilation of all Stradivarius instruments known to exist, and looked at instruments made in 1734. There he saw that a famous violin belonging to Roman Totenberg had been stolen and never recovered. It was known as the "Ames Stradivarius," after violinist George Ames, who performed on it in the late 1800s.

Soon the appraiser and the ex-wife agreed to meet in New York. And on June 26, Injeian went to her hotel.

"I opened the case and looked at the instrument" and "checked it out for over a half-hour before I said anything," he recalls.

"And I said these words: 'Well, I've got good news for you, and I've got bad news for you,' " Injeian says. " 'The good news is that this is a Stradivarius. The bad news is it was stolen 35, 36 years ago from Roman Totenberg.' "

Injeian also told her he had to report the discovery to law enforcement authorities right away.

Within two hours, special agents McKeogh and John Iannuzzi from the FBI's art theft team were at the hotel.

"It's rare in our business that we have the opportunity for one-stop shopping," McKeogh says, noting that the stolen violin, the person who possessed it and the expert appraiser were all there. "Having those three things in the same place was very rare, but good for us."

En route to the hotel, McKeogh and his partner had pulled up on their cellphones photos of the Ames Stradivarius taken before it was stolen, along with its precise measurements to the millimeter. Now, appraiser Injeian measured, calling out the numbers, and they matched exactly.

That was a Friday. McKeogh remembers the following Monday "because I can say that I have probably never been so excited to come to work as I was [that] morning, simply because I couldn't wait to see the instrument again." He knew, as well, that further authentication of the violin was necessary, and it came, amazingly, in that first call to me.

"You mentioned little pieces of pearl on the tuning pegs, and I went back to the violin as I was speaking to you and noticed those features, which is very unique," McKeogh says. A third confirmation would come later from another appraiser.

So, the mystery was solved. All these years, the violin had been in the same guilty hands.

Appraiser Injeian says Johnson had tried to preserve the instrument himself, but knowing that any reputable restorer or dealer would recognize it, he had not had the violin properly maintained by the expert craftsmen who do this kind of work.

"It's a real miracle that it didn't take any major hits or cracks or anything of that nature," Injeian says.

And so on Thursday, at the U.S. attorney's office in New York, there will be a formal ceremony turning the violin over to the Totenberg sisters — Nina, Jill and Amy — under an agreement filed in federal court. (You can hear more on the ceremony on Thursday's All Things Considered, and we will update this post after the event in New York. UPDATE: The All Things Considered story is here.)

"It's nice to return something of great value to a family or a country or an institution," says U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara, adding that these "are moments of celebration that we don't have that often here."

Of course, Stradivarius owners are really just guardians of these great artistic instruments. We will sell the Ames Strad — now perhaps the Ames-Totenberg Stradivarius. We will make sure it is in the hands of another virtuoso violinist. And once again, the beautiful, brilliant and throaty voice of that long-stilled violin will thrill audiences in concert halls around the world.

Stolen with my father's violin was a bow made by the Stradivarius of bow-makers, Francois Tourte. Special Agent McKeogh is "hopeful" that in light of this story, someone with information about the bow will come forward. In addition, there is another stolen Stradivarius out there, the Davidoff-Morini Strad, taken from the apartment of violinist Erica Morini in 1995. Anyone with information about either the bow or the violin is asked to contact the New York office of the FBI at 212-384-5000 and ask for agent McKeogh.

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm David Greene.

(SOUNDBITE OF BRAHMS SONG PERFORMED BY ROMAN TOTENBERG)

GREENE: That is virtuoso violinist Roman Totenberg playing Brahms on his beloved Stradivarius violin. His daughter, our own colleague, Nina Totenberg, picks up the extraordinary story of the violinist and the violin.

NINA TOTENBERG, BYLINE: For 38 years, my father played that violin sometimes to break people's hearts.

(SOUNDBITE OF BRAHMS SONG PERFORMED BY ROMAN TOTENBERG)

TOTENBERG: Sometimes to dazzle.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

TOTENBERG: And sometimes, he played it to bring pure joy.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

TOTENBERG: And then one day after a concert, he turned around, and it was gone, stolen. That was 35 years ago. It was a crushing loss. As my father put it, he'd lost his musical partner of 38 years, a partner he played with all over the world. And when he would ultimately buy a Guarneri violin of the same period to replace the Strad, he had to rework his entire repertoire. My father died in 2012. But the violin lived on somewhere. Then, on the last day in June, I got a call from FBI Special Agent Christopher McKeogh.

CHRISTOPHER MCKEOGH: I said something to the effect of, we believe that the FBI has recovered your father's stolen violin.

TOTENBERG: I called my sisters right away. There were tears and laughter. My father had always suspected who'd stolen the violin, a young aspiring violinist named Phillip Johnson, who'd been seen outside my father's office that night and whose ex-girlfriend subsequently told my parents she was quite sure he had taken it. That, however, was not enough for a search warrant. And my mother famously would ask friends if they knew anyone in the mob who'd be willing to break into an apartment and search for the violin. Phillip Johnson eventually moved to California, had an undistinguished musical career and died of cancer at age 58, a year before my father died at the age of 101. Fast-forward another four years. Johnson's ex-wife and her boyfriend are cleaning house and come across a violin that her former husband had left to her. It had a combination lock on the case. Breaking the lock, they found a violin that had a label inside saying it was made in 1734 by the most famous violin maker of all time, Antonio Stradivari. A musician friend then put her in touch with violin maker and appraiser Phillip Injeian in Pittsburgh.

PHILLIP INJEIAN: Of course, I hear almost every day people telling me they found a Stradivarius in the attic.

TOTENBERG: That's because while there are only an estimated 550 Stradivarius violins in existence today, there are thousands and thousands of violins that have a Stradivarius label stamped inside them. So Injeian asked for photographs. Knowing the date of the violin was 1734, he looked in the iconography, the compilation of all the Stradivarius instruments known to exist. And he saw that a famous violin belonging to Roman Totenberg, known as the Ames Stradivarius, had been stolen and never recovered. Soon the appraiser and the ex-wife agreed to meet in New York. On June 26, Injeian went to her hotel.

INJEIAN: I opened the case and looked at the instrument and checked it out for over a half hour before I said anything. And I said, in these words, well, I've got good news for you, and I've got bad news for you. The good news is this is a Stradivarius. The bad news is it's been stolen for over 35, 36 years.

TOTENBERG: Within two hours, Agent McKeogh and his partner from the FBI art theft team were at the hotel.

MCKEOGH: It's rare in our business that we have the opportunity for one-stop shopping.

TOTENBERG: In short, they had the violin, the person who had it in her possession and an expert appraiser.

MCKEOGH: And having those three things in the same place are very rare but good for us.

TOTENBERG: En route to the hotel, the agents had pulled up on their cell phones photos of the violin taken before it was stolen, along with precise measurements to the millimeter. They matched exactly. But further authentication was necessary, and it came, amazingly, in that first call to me.

MCKEOGH: You mentioned little pieces of pearl on the tuning pegs. And I went back to the violin as I was speaking to you and noticed those features, which is very unique.

TOTENBERG: Later, a second expert would confirm the violin was the Ames. So the mystery was solved. All these years, the violin had been closeted away in the same guilty hands. Johnson had not even been able to take it to a restorer for regular maintenance for fear it would be recognized. Violin appraiser Injeian.

INJEIAN: It's a real miracle that it didn't take any major hits or cracks or anything of that nature.

TOTENBERG: And so today, at the U.S. attorney's office in New York, there will be a formal ceremony with federal authorities turning over the violin to the Totenberg sisters, Nina, Jill and Amy, under an agreement filed in federal court. U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara enjoys these occasions as a break from the grim business of prosecuting criminals.

PREET BHARARA: So it is nice. There are moments of celebration which we don't have that often here.

TOTENBERG: Of course, Stradivarius owners are really just guardians of these great artistic instruments. The Ames Strad, now perhaps the Ames-Totenberg Stradivarius, will be sold to another virtuoso violinist. And the beautiful, brilliant and throaty voice of that violin, long still, will once again thrill audiences in concert halls around the world. Nina Totenberg, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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