Oil Companies Look To Fill Employment Gap With More Women

Oil Companies Look To Fill Employment Gap With More Women

12:14am May 11, 2015
After completing training in 2013, Claire Kerstetter now works as a fluid technician on fracking jobs.
After completing training in 2013, Claire Kerstetter now works as a fluid technician on fracking jobs.
Jeff Brady / NPR

Look at the oil business and you'll notice it's mostly men. That's a problem for an industry that needs legions of new workers to replace retirees in coming years.

The industry hasn't always treated women fairly, but now it needs them.

The oil business just 30 years ago was a lonely place for the few women who chose to work in it. Rayola Dougher, senior economic adviser at the American Petroleum Institute, says attending industry conferences made that clear.

"I'd look out and there'd just be a sea of blue suits," Dougher says. "It was a little lonely for a while but now I see more and more women."

Amy Myers Jaffe also started her career back then, as a journalist covering the oil industry. Today she's executive director of energy and sustainability at the University of California, Davis. She says the environment early on wasn't always comfortable for women, even on the white-collar side of the oil business.

"You had these stories that would circulate about hunting trips or fish fries where the industry was in the practice of having prostitutes attend," she says.

As an expert on global energy policy, Jaffe often is invited to speak at oil industry conferences. One that stands out in her memory included a hospitality suite with women at the front door, wearing not much more than bathing suits.

"I remember joking at the time — maybe we should get a suite and hire the Chippendale men," Jaffe says. "And that would make the industry understand what it's like to be a woman executive and have to go to a hospitality suite with these women greeters."

It took a while, but most of the industry got the message, she says — conferences are more professional now. But women are still underrepresented in the oil business.

An American Petroleum Institute study released last year showed women make up only 19 percent of the oil industry's workforce. That's compared to 47 percent in the overall U.S. workforce.

"It's certainly something we're very concerned about," says Richard Keil, senior media relations adviser at ExxonMobil. His company hires a lot of engineers and scientists, and in the future, ExxonMobil wants a larger share of them to be women.

The oil giant holds an annual "Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day." The company also sends its female engineers and scientists to middle schools as mentors and instructors, "all aimed at getting [female students] interested in the subject and preparing them for taking math and science courses in high school that will help them study engineering in college," Keil says.

The API report on women in the oil business projects the share of women in white-collar jobs will increase. But on the blue-collar side, the report's authors believe the percentage of women will decline even further.

It's not because women can't do the work. Claire Kerstetter is proof of that.

"I never saw myself being out in the field, getting dirty, swinging a sledgehammer," Kerstetter says.

She studied public relations in college and now she's a technician on fracking jobs in Pennsylvania. Usually she's the only woman on the drill site, but says that hasn't been a problem.

"All the guys that I worked with offered a helping hand when I first started," she says, "but when I rejected it and told them I just wanted to do it for myself, I got their respect really quickly."

Kerstetter landed the job after finishing a three-week training course at the Pennsylvania College of Technology. School President Davie Jane Gilmour says the college teaches other skills valuable in the oil industry, such as welding and diesel engine repair.

Gilmour encourages young women to pursue work in male-dominated fields.

"Yes, you may be a pioneer in some senses," she tells them, "but I have a feeling by the time they graduate in four years there'll be plenty more women in the workforce for them."

Beyond seeing it as an interesting career, Gilmour says the pay can be quite good and there are plenty of companies that want to hire more women.

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

The oil industry isn't known for treating women fairly. That's a problem because it needs them. The industry, mostly made up of men, has to find legions of new workers to replace retirees in coming years. Recruitment of women for white-collar oil jobs is up, but finding women for the blue-collar positions is a different story. NPR's Jeff Brady reports.

JEFF BRADY, BYLINE: When Amy Myers Jaffe started her career in the 1980s, she says even the white-collar side of the oil business was a rough place for women.

AMY MYERS JAFFE: We had these stories that would circulate about hunting trips or fish fries where the industry was in the practice of having prostitutes attend.

BRADY: Jaffe, a global energy policy expert, often is invited to speak at conferences, like this one recently in San Antonio. One that stands out in Jaffe's memory included a hospitality suite with women at the front door wearing not much more than bathing suits.

JAFFE: And I remember joking at the time maybe we should get a suite and hire the Chippendale men. That would make the industry understand, like, what it's like to be a woman executive and have to go to a hospitality suite, you know, with these women greeters.

BRADY: It took a while, but the industry got the message, and Jaffe says conferences are more professional now. Economist Rayola Dougher started her career in 1985.

RAYOLA DOUGHER: I'd look out, and there'd just be a sea of blue suits (laughter). And it was a little lonely for a while, but now I see more and more women, especially women very involved in energy in one facet or another.

BRADY: Dougher works at the American Petroleum Institute. Last year, an API study showed women make up only 19 percent of the oil industry's workforce. That's compared to 47 percent in the overall U.S. workforce.

RICHARD KEIL: It's certainly something we're very concerned about.

BRADY: Dick Keil is a spokesman for Exxon Mobil, which hires a lot of engineers and scientists. In the future, the company wants a larger share of them to be women, so Keil says Exxon Mobil assigns female employees to mentor middle school girls.

RICHARD KEIL: All aimed at getting them interested in the subject and preparing them for taking math and science courses in high school that will help them study engineering in college.

BRADY: This may be working. That API report on women in the oil business projects the share of women in white-collar jobs will increase. But on the blue-collar side, the report's authors believe the percentage of women will decline even further, and it's not because women can't do the work. At the Pennsylvania College of Technology, students practice working on a mock drilling rig. Claire Kerstetter finished a three week class here in 2013 and now works on fracking jobs. Usually, she's the only woman on the drill site.

CLAIRE KERSTETTER: Like, all the guys that I worked with offered a helping hand when I first started. But when I rejected it and told them that I just wanted to do it for myself, I got their respect really quickly.

BRADY: At this school, students learn other skills too, like welding. Sophomore Stephanie Puckly had an internship offshore last summer, and she's considering a career in the oil business.

STEPHANIE PUCKLY: I very much enjoy the structural engineering part of it - watching the rigs go from just metal all the way up to these beautiful structures that are sent out into the ocean.

BRADY: The school's president, Davie Jane Gilmour, hopes more young women will get this excited about jobs in male-dominated fields.

DAVIE JANE GILMOUR: Yes, you may be a pioneer in some senses, but I have a feeling by the time they graduate in four years, there'll be plenty more women in the workforce for them.

BRADY: Gilmour says beyond an interesting career, the pay is good, and companies tell her they want to hire more women. Jeff Brady, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

Support your
public radio station